Eosinophilic esophagitis is an allergic reaction that involves the esophagus and eosinophils, a type of white blood cell in the digestive tract.
In eosinophiic esophagitis, the eosinophils multiply and cause inflammation in the esophagus that can lead to damage, scarring or narrowing of the esophagus that can lead to difficulty swallowing. It affects both children and adults.
This condition occurs due to reactions to foods, allergens, asthma, atopic dermatitis, acid reflux or chronic respiratory disease.
Common Symptoms of Eosinophilic Esophagitis
- difficulty swallowing (dysphagia)
- food impaction
- abdominal pain
- persistent heartburn
- no response to GERD medications
Diagnosis and Treatment for Eosinophilic Esophagitis
Eosinophilic esophagitis can be diagnosed by an allergist or medical physician. Some diagnositic tests used to diagnose the conditon are upper endoscopy, biospy, blood testing, proton pump inhibitors (PPI) and medical trials.
Eosinophilic esophagitis is a recurring chronic disease that needs ongoing treatment. Treatments for eosinophilic esophagitis may include dietary therapy, acid blocker and anti-inflammatory medications, steroid medications, dilation or clinical trials. For severe cases of eosinophilic esophagitis, seek medical attention.