What is COPD?
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a group of lung diseases that makes it very difficult to breathe due to blocked airways and damage to the lungs. COPD gets worse overtime.
Causes of COPD
COPD is almost always caused by smoking. Breathing chemical fumes, dust, air pollution and second hand smoke can also cause COPD because it damages the lungs.
The following are common symptoms of COPD.
- long-lasting cough
- coughing up mucus
- shortness of breath
Diagnosis and Treatment
COPD can be diagnosed with the following:
- physical examination
- medical history
- breathing test (spirometry)
- chest x-rays
Treatment for COPD usually includes quiting smoking. This will keep the lungs from being damaged more. There are also medications and lung rehab programs to help people manage the disease. Consult your doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment.