What is Peanut Allergy?
A peanut allergy is a food allergy to peanuts that causes an allergic reaction when touched, eaten or digested. Peanut allergies can cause anaphylaxis, a severe allergic reaction that can be life-threatening.
Common Symptoms of Peanut Allergy
Allergic reactions to peanuts usually occur within minutes of being exposed and can be moderate to severe. Learn the signs of a peanut allergy. The following are common symptoms of a peanut allergy.
- difficulty breathing
- runny nose
- stomach problems/digestive issues
A severe allergic reaction that can be fatal is called anaphylaxis. A Peanut allergy is the most common cause of food-induced anaphylaxis. The following are the symptoms of anaphylaxis.
- swelling of the throat
- loss of consciousness
- constriction of airways
- pale skin
- weak pulse
- nausea, vomitting, diarrhea
Diagnosis and Treatment
An allergist can help diagnose a peanut allergy through physical examination, elimination diet, allergy skin testing and blood testing.
Avoidance is the best treatment for a peanut allergy. However, accidents happen and it’s important to know how to prepare for or react to an allergic reaction whether it’s minor or severe. For minor reactions, doctors may prescribe antihistamines to relieve the symptoms. Severe allergic reactions or anaphylaxis may require you to carry an emergency epinephrine autoinjector or epi-pen with you at all times. If a severe allergic reaction occurs use the epi-pen and go to the hospital or nearest emergency room. Severe allergic reactions can be deadly.If someone is experiencing anaphylaxis or a severe allergic reaction, call 911 immediately.